Mountain Snail

Stuff Ballard Wrote

Liberalism: nutty or needed?

Asheville Daily Planet, December 2018

 

Florida’s governor went into a rant:  “I won’t stand idly by while unethical liberals try to steal this election.”

An old friend sent me an email.  She said she was raised “an evangelical, liberal-hating Republican.”  She wrote that she’s become disenchanted with Republicans but wasn’t ready to become a Democrat.  “I don’t want to be under the same roof with all those wacky liberals,” she said.

Blame Newt Gingrich and Rush Limbaugh for taking a great word from history – “liberal” – and turning it into a hot iron for GOP candidates to brand their opponents with.

A Notre Dame poli sci prof named Patrick Deneen has written a book called “Why Liberalism Failed.”  I heard him interviewed on Ezra Klein’s podcast.

The title is an unabashed lure to conservative book buyers.  Deneen’s liberalism, that he says failed, goes back to the Enlightenment, to the philosophers whose ideas inspired our Founding Fathers in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.  They set thing in motion, he says, that resulted in our crumbling society today.

Conservative columnist David Brooks, in his critique of Deneen’s book, wrote:  “The liberal democratic moral….stands for the idea that our covenantal institutions — like family, faith, tradition and community — orient us toward higher loves and common dreams that we then pursue in the great gymnasium of liberty.”

Exactly.  Our great freedoms are built on the foundation of liberal thought.  John Locke, the 17th-century “father of liberalism,” whispered in Jefferson’s ear as he wrote the Declaration of Independence.

An article in The New Yorker magazine last July put it neatly:  “Liberalism is a perpetual program of reform, intended to alleviate the cruelty we see around us….[We hope for] a future society, flawed, like our own, but less cruel as time goes on.”

We aspire to ever-greater things, and our basic liberal principles propel us to achieve them.  It can be truly said that liberalism contributes something otherwise missing in our government:  problem-solving.

Think about it.  Democrats – all of whom Gingrich and Limbaugh would call liberals – were in power when all the great and positive changes in American life took place:  women’s suffrage, social security, minimum wage, overtime pay, GI Bill, Medicare, Civil Rights Act, on and on.

With full power in Washington for two years, what problems have the Republicans even tried to solve?  Securing Social Security?  Disaster preparation?  Global warming?  Healthcare? Strengthening ties with allies?  Balanced budgets?  None.  And the big reason for their failure is their philosophical refusal to confront problems head-on.  Government is enemy, not friend.  They make a show of doing something when necessary, but their heart isn’t in it.

In today’s America, Democrats are the keepers of our long liberal tradition.  No question about that.  Republicans look backward to some utopia before the New Deal, when Republican governments helped business but certainly not the people in need!

Democrats now have control in the House of Representatives – which makes me worry.  They have opportunities to make life “less cruel” for our people.  They can work with Republicans to make healthcare a reasonable reality, for example.

But will they?  Many Democrats who worked hard in the recent election are howling for impeachment of Trump, something that would totally distract from the people’s work.  Political correctness can result in the elevation of people not ready for leadership.  Incoming freshmen could clique together as a power bloc.

It is urgent that Democrats connect themselves with liberalism’s historic difference – namely, how problems get solved, how government meets the needs of the ordinary people who elect them.

Let’s give all those liberal-hating Republicans the positive experience of good liberal government.  There’s no better way to heal the divide in our land.

 

Nothing checked, nothing balanced

Asheville Daily Planet, September 2018

This November, we have a chance to save the reputation of the Founding Fathers.  Their Constitution is looking old and worn these days.

We hear pundits talking about a “Constitutional crisis” when President Trump has done something forbidden.  It’s like these people really believe the line they got in ninth-grade civics class about checks and balances.  Relax.  We’re not going to have a Constitutional crisis.  Nothing’s checked in Washington, and nothing’s balanced.

The Founders did their best.  They drew from the great philosophers of the Enlightenment and, incredibly, their plan for their new government has worked pretty well for 240 years.

Now it’s all coming unwound, and we see the Constitution in a new, critical light.

The Constitutional Convention was very low-profile.  The superstar Founders – Jefferson, Hancock, both Adamses, Jay, Henry – didn’t attend.  (Franklin did, and Washington was chairman.)  Hamilton attended sporadically.  The press gave scant coverage.

Delegates came and went over the summer of 1787.  Some state delegations lacked quorums and so had no vote on issues.

For two months, the Convention debated the principles of an outline James Madison brought.  Then a “Committee of Detail” took 10 days to write the first draft – from the Convention’s deliberations but also from many other sources and even ideas, that hadn’t been discussed, that they thought should be included.  Ultimately, the Constitution we have was the handiwork of two obscure Founders:  South Carolina’s John Rutledge and Pennsylvania’s James Wilson (both later Supreme Court justices).

The issue of keen interest to us today, checks and balances, was intended as a rifle standing beside a vigilant watchman.  The gun doesn’t act on its own; it has to be deployed.  Madison wrote in Federalist #51:

“The great security against a gradual concentration of the several powers in the same department, consists in giving to those who administer each department, the necessary constitutional means, and personal motives, to resist encroachments of the others…Ambition must be made to counteract ambition.”

As we review the Founders’ work in today’s world, we see the big flaw of the Constitution’s checks and balances system is the power given to the Executive Branch.

The president is commander-in-chief with no real check on his use of the military.  He makes appointments, grants pardons, carries out foreign relations – and the compelling one in recent years, the power to issue executive orders, which don’t require congressional approval.

These enormous powers have hung like tempting fruit to all presidents, but few have taken advantage.  Andrew Jackson defied the Supreme Court in Indian removal to the West.  Abraham Lincoln was a dictator during the Civil War.  Congress told Andrew Johnson that he couldn’t remove his secretary of war, but he did anyway.  Teddy Roosevelt did what he wanted in Panama.  Franklin Roosevelt was an “imperial president.”  Executive orders in excess were issued by Barack Obama when he was stonewalled by Senate Republicans, and now Trump issues them like souvenir pens.

Presidential powers are scary there on paper.  In the hands of Donald Trump, they’re apocalyptic.

The Founders bungled presidential power – and then they compounded their mistake by making the Legislative Branch’s check on the Executive a virtual impossibility.

It’s relatively easy for the House of Representatives to impeach because their work isn’t final, but the required two-thirds vote for conviction and removal in the Senate is likely only if the president is a raving maniac or a traitor.

If voters elect a Democratic Congress in November, we can move toward what the Founding Fathers hoped for in checks and balances.  Republicans have been timid watchmen, no check on Trump’s use of power.  Democrats will find ways.

Impeach him?  Probably not.  Why not?  Because the Founding Fathers made the next step, removal, practically impossible.

 

 

Corruption with a capital C

Asheville Daily Planet, September 2018

If Professor Harold Hill were here today, we’d hear:  “Ya got trouble here in America – Corruption with a capital-C, that rhymes with T, that stands for Trump!”

But then here comes Bob the Builder on PBS Kids:  “Can we fix it?  Yes we can!”

And who’s that with Bob?  It’s our Democratic Congress next January!  They’re putting on hard hats and singing:  “C-O-R-R-U-P-T!  That’s the word for G.O.P.!”

Democrats have a rerom plan (read on below), and they’re ready to go.

It’s 2007 over again, when Democrats cleaned up after Tom DeLay’s pay-to-play “K Street Project” and Jack Abramoff’s scams and bribes.  The new Democratic majoirty passed the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act.  But DeLay and Abramoff were pipsqueaks compared to Donald Trump and his Forty Thieves.

In fact, nothing in our history comes close to the Travesties of Trump.

Teapot Dome, a 1920s scandal that made my sixty-grade history book, was nothing more than a Secretary of the Interior who gave an oil lease in exchange for millions.  He covered all his tracks except the bribe itself!

Richard Nixon couldn’t bring himself to destroy the tapes.

Amateurs, these guys were amateurs at scandal.

Trump’s presidency is his cash cow.  He kept his business interests and added a D.C. hotel.  And fees for members at Mar-a-Lago doubled to $200,000.  And he doesn’t cover it up.  He’s being who he is.

So when he chose his Cabinet, he did indeed wanted yes-people.  But he also wanted people comfortable to him – like Nixon picked Spiro Agnew as his vice-president.

Inauguration Day in 2017, Obama folk, straight arrows for eight years, turned over their crispy clean offices to snorting pigs who headed straight for the public trough to get their share.

Scott Pruitt, our man at Environment Protection, used a private email account to keep in touch with industry cronies, lived in D.C. for $50 a month in a lobbyist’s condo, the junket to Morocco with an entourage – and incidental time in Paris.

Health Services Tom Price chartered aircraft for trips when commercial flights were available.

Veterans Affairs Secretary David Shulkin took his wife and an entourage on a nine-day frolic in Europe that included free Wimbledon tickets.  And doctored emails were involved, too.

It’s like a corruption contagion.  The boss himself practices greed in the open, and his underlings, already inclined that way, catch the virus.

To all this, add the grassroots corruption that came from the Republican National Committee, not Donald Trump – the blatant gerrymandering and voter suppression that took place in states where Republicans had state legislature control and Republican governors.

In late June, Maryland Congressman John Sarbanes and 163 other Democrats filed House Resolution 975, the “By-the-People Resolution” that would do the following (from Sarbanes’ website):

Expanding access to the ballot box;
Promoting national automatic voter registration;
Ending partisan redistricting by establishing state-based, independent commissions;
Restoring the integrity of the Voting Rights Act;
Protecting the integrity of the election system;
Ending the revolving door of special interests into and out of government;
Expanding ethics laws to apply to the president and to promote greater accountability of the chief executive;
Reforming the Office of Government Ethics;
Updating the Lobbying Disclosure Act and prohibiting bundled campaign contributions from lobbyists;
Strengthening bribery laws to guard against public officials profiting from public service;
Empowering small donors and diminishing the influence of big-money campaign donors;
Disclosing “secret money” and promoting transparency of political spending;
Amending the Constitution to reassert Congress’ authority to regulate political spending and overturn the Citizens United ruling;
Preventing foreign interference in our elections;
Restoring function to the Federal Election Commission; and
Strengthening coordination law to prevent candidate-affiliated Super PACs.

If Democrats take the House in November, they will pass these reforms.  Then it’s up to Us, the People, to shame a Republican Senate to do the right thing and go along.  And failing there, we take the Senate in 2020, when a whole bunch of Senate Republicans are up for reelection, and many will retire.

The Supreme Court on trial

Daily Planet, November, 2018

 

James Buchanan, as president, was a free-wheeling, iconoclastic, vacillating, white supremacist Northerner.  Yeah, a lot like Donald Trump.

And he made one gigantic misjudgment about the Supreme Court – one that Trump seems to be making now.

As president-elect in 1857, Buchanan badly wanted the issue of slavery to be over and done with before he took office.  At the time, a lawsuit had made its way to the Supreme Court, Dred Scott v. Sanford, in which a slave in Missouri wanted his freedom because his master, a U.S. Army surgeon, had held him in free states.  The unwritten rule at the time was, “Once free, always free,” but Missouri courts had ruled him still a slave.

Five justices on the Court wanted to decline consideration, but Chief Justice Roger Taney, with Buchanan’s encouragement, wanted to use the case to decide the issue of slavery.

Taney wrote an astounding opinion.  He reasoned that since, at the time of the Constitution, blacks “were regarded as beings of an inferior order, and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either in social or political relations, and so far unfit that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect.”  He said that blacks never were and never can be citizens, so Dred Scott had no standing to sue for his freedom.

Six other justices concurred.  All seven on the winning side were Southerners or were “doughfaces” appointed by Southern presidents.  The Court was blindly partisan.

Taney’s opinion was exactly what Buchanan wanted.  He thought the American people would accept the Court’s decision as final, and so the slavery issue would go away.

He was wrong, so very wrong.  Instead, the American people recognized the Supreme Court as nothing but partisan politicians in black robes.  And we got the Civil War.

Partisan politicians in black robes.  That’s not how the Founding Fathers intended things to go.  They intended checks and balances, separation of powers, an independent judiciary that makes impartial judgments.

Brett Kavanaugh gives conservatives a 5-4 edge on the Court.  But the question before us now is not about conservatives and liberals.  It’s about Trump and Trumpism.  Will our Supreme Court be independent, or will it be sucked into Trump’s orbit – like the Republican-controlled Congress has been?

I have no doubt that Trump will try to muscle the Court, like Buchanan did.  But will he be successful?

Republicans will hold the Senate, where his soulmate, Mitch McConnell, shares his contempt for tradition and rules.  The Senate will not just be compliant; they will be complicit in efforts to gain partisan power.  And Congress has frighteningly broad powers to restructure itself – and the other two branches.

However, if Democrats take the House of Representatives, congressional pressure on the Court will be mostly neutralized.

Ultimately, everything will lie with the Court.  Make no mistake:  the five conservatives on the Court are really, really conservative.  It’s expected that the new Court will do the usual conservative things, like siding with the rich and corporations over ordinary people.  They won’t repeal Citizens United v. FEC.  But will they be Trump Republican partisan?

Nobody knows.  If we see them stifling Mueller findings, for example, we will hear Dred Scott’s name called a lot.  Like Roger Taney’s Court in 1857, our Court will have no legitimacy.  And Trump will replay Buchanan.  Slits in our national fabric will widen.  Most Americans will be enraged.  And this animosity could find its way into the Court itself, with justices sniping publicly.

After the Dred Scott decision, Justice Benjamin Curtis, one of the two dissenters, resigned from the Court, the only justice ever to do so.  That’s exactly the atmosphere that a partisan judiciary engenders.

James Buchanan got what he wanted in the Supreme Court, and the country got the Civil War.  Now Trump has what he wants with Kavanaugh.  He expects a nodding majority.  What will he get?  And what will happen to us?

Footnote:  CBS News ranked the 45 U.S. presidents.  James Buchanan was #44, next to last.  Donald Trump was ranked #45.

History will judge our times

Daily Planet, August 2018

When now is history, I’ll be dead and gone.

And, man, I’d really love to know what’s going to be said and written, say, 50 years from now about the days we’re in now. Things happen every day that have never happened before.

Superficially, history tells us how things turned out. Richard Nixon resigned August 9, 1974.  But with the passage of time, historians have described the details that brought him down.

Our own superficial history begins on November 8, 2016, and every day we strain to try and figure how things will turn out.

North Carolina in the spring of 1861 was like our time today. Several southern states had seceded from the Union but not North Carolina.  Our General Assembly was opposed to secession.  A referendum to hold a convention to consider secession was voted down.  Only plantation centers in Eastern Carolina were in favor.  A Wilmington newspaper editorialized that “South Carolina has been nothing but trouble from the beginning.  We must not follow them.”

But when President Lincoln called for North Carolina to give troops to help put down the rebellion in other Southern states, everything changed. The North Carolina History Project tells of Zebulon Vance at the moment he heard about Lincoln’s troop request: “With arms upraised, (Vance) was pleading for the preservation of the Union: ‘When my hand came down from that impassioned gesticulation,’ he said, ‘it fell slowly and sadly by the side of a secessionist.’”

North Carolina, and WNC in particular, had no enthusiasm for secession. And many who voted for secession in the convention knew the Confederacy would destroy the South.  And it’s telling that after the vote for secession, the convention also voted not to put the question to the people in another referendum.

It all came down to decisions. When leaders make decisions, they bring good or ill for their people.  Our state’s leaders’ decision to go with Southern neighbors over the Union (for reasons I can’t understand) was terrible.  In the end, reluctant North Carolina contributed more men and supplies to the Confederacy than any other state, and we suffered more casualties.

If we put ourselves back in 1861, reading a newspaper, we can feel their anger, their fears, their bewilderment. What’s wrong with those people we sent to Raleigh?

Almost precisely what we feel right now about our government in Washington.

One-third of Americans are so loyal to President Trump that they support him even when he says and does things that are not in our national interest. They believe his obvious lies. They trust him when corruption is all around him.  And their devotion scares Republican lawmakers out of their wits – and their Constitutional responsibilities.

We’re bewildered. Like our forefathers in 1861, we’re angry and often pessimistic.  We think of great nations that have fallen from within.

People in 1861 were right to worry. Their leaders would make the horrendous decision to secede.   And we are right to worry about the decision that Republicans have made not to check President Trump.  Their timidity is shameful by any measure.

We look with hope to November and a possible Democratic takeover of the House of Representatives. If they control House committees, they can call for answers.  They can change Washington.

The Mueller Report will tell us a lot about criminals and traitors. History will tell us everything.  Is Republican silence and inaction out of fear of their constituents, as supposed, or are they really hoping that Russian interference will rescue them in November?  Historians will find out.  Is President Trump’s irrationality from senility?  Or will they find he has no American patriotism, only his self-interest?

Will spineless D.C. Republicans be consigned to the same rubbish heap as those who didn’t confront slavery in the Nineteenth Century? Will Limbaugh and Fox News be a laughing stock?  Will Trump’s one-third stay with him if thick turns to thin?  Who will be seen as heroes of our democracy?

I’d love to know. My grandchildren will.

“Enabling” Trump

July 11, 2018

In March of 1933, Germany’s Reichstag parliament voted itself out of business. They – the legislative branch – passed the Enabling Act that gave the executive branch – Adolf Hitler – total power.  By summer, all non-Nazi parties were banned, leftist party leaders were imprisoned and the army had pledged loyalty to Hitler personally.

I have been optimistic that Donald Trump’s shadow will pass away with no lasting impact on our democracy. That was before three recent 5-4 partisan decisions by the Supreme Court and the resignation of Justice Kennedy.  This new Court, with a new Trump appointee, can’t be trusted to be a constitutional check.

And what if Republicans win November elections? Will this GOP Congress be any kind of check on the man who pulled them through?

One other thing: the Enabling Act happened because of the “national emergency” when the Reichstag was mysteriously torched.  Do we think our president would shy away from creating an emergency?

The only sho-nuff check on Trump’s authoritarianism is a Democratic House of Representatives – not for impeachment but for majorities in crucial committees that oversee the Executive Branch. The big election is November 3rd.  We, and everybody we know, must vote.  Every Republican is vulnerable.

History will judge McConnell]

July 1, 2017   [Reprinted now because of McConnell’s new antics]

History rarely makes note of Senate Majority Leaders. Henry Cabot Lodge broke through into history because he squelched America’s joining the League of Nations.

In a future time, Mitch McConnell’s weak double chin will illustrate a section in history titled, “Congress Ceases to Function.” History will give some detail: how Democrats followed long tradition and worked with George W. Bush on his tax cut bill, even though they disapproved, to make it better – and then how McConnell shut down the legislative process right after the 2010 election, when Democrats no longer had a filibuster-proof majority.

McConnell held the filibuster as a constant threat to anything President Obama wanted to do, so nothing got done. He chose to obstruct rather than compromise. He refused Obama’s call for a bipartisan reaction to Russia’s meddling before the last election.

But wait! There’s an alternative history. Democrats could take over the Senate in 2020 – possible, even likely – and McConnell’s place in history will fade away as Democrats reinstate bipartisanship..

Or the recent drubbing of McConnell’s no-compromise healthcare bill could lead to Bipartisan Now, a mutiny of right-minded Republicans joining right-minded Democrats who shame the partisans on both sides and find a historic solution.

Wisdom isn’t welcome among us

Daily Planet, July 2018

The only light in the one-room house was a tiny flame that bounced on a kerosene wick lamp.  The door and windows were shut against the night.  The cook fire in the far corner sent a slow thread of smoke up to the thatched roof, where it broke into countless fingers, each probing a way to escape.  The 13 men seated along the walls were smoking their usual blend of tobacco and guava leaves.  I closed my burning eyes and relied on my ears to tell me who was speaking.

These were the nankedakay, “the old men,” the elders, gathered to “level out” a dispute in the community.  I was included, they joked, as the potent cup of rice beer made its rounds, because I had “the forehead of an old man.”

They needed no light.  Most of them were barely literate, and besides, the local brand of justice required no documents.  The facts of the case were known to everyone in this village of 35 houses.  Everyone knew precedent cases.  And the record of their decision would be stored in the remarkable memories of the participants.

The owner of the house where we were gathered had died the week before and, by tradition, all his property – rice paddies, coffee groves, banana patches and animals, if any – was to be divided equally among his three children.  But the younger son protested.  He had cared for their father during his final months, he said, and besides (he added in quiet tones to the elders), he had raised the pig that fed the guests at their father’s funeral.

I witnessed cases that took so long for consensus that the elders had to send out for another jar of rice beer.  This one did not.  The elders awarded the younger son a small paddy down by the river that otherwise would have gone to his sister – who, the elders noted, had only seldom visited her father during his illness.  The sibling disagreement was over.

This incident took place 54 years ago in the Philippines.  As a young missionary linguist describing this mountain language, I was specially privileged:  I observed Wisdom in all her glory.

Wisdom has been much on my mind lately.  Maybe it’s like money:  you don’t think about it until there isn’t any.

The elders in my Philippine village had the ability to draw broad lessons from a deep well of life experience.  Together, they applied an informed common sense, for the benefit of their community.

Their kind of wise leadership is not welcome among us today.  Our leaders have developed a value system that shuts out wisdom – a horribly virulent strain of greed for power and more power.  Wisdom cannot breathe that kind of selfish air.

America has known wise leadership.  Abraham Lincoln knew that Reconstruction had to be a national healing.  FDR gave security to the common man.  They saw a long view beyond their immediate problems.

I wonder if Trump supporters weren’t looking for this kind of leadership in 2016 – someone they could trust to shake things up for the better.  If so, they didn’t get it.  To him, collective wisdom is a wimp.  He’s guided by his gut, his daily whims.  He has no long vision, only the four month until November’s elections.  The Washington swamp is now a cesspool of crony criminals.  Everything he does – and I repeat, everything – is to enhance his own position, especially with his faithful.

And I will declare ditto for the arrogant, gerrymandered Republicans in Raleigh.

We will soon be looking for new leadership.  Our next president must be wise.  He or she must not pander to the short-term selfishness of our time.  They should talk of long-term – no, eternal – principle.

I notice Democrats looking for charisma.  How often does glamor and wisdom coexist in a person?  Two of our wisest presidents, Theodore Roosevelt and Harry Truman, succeeded to the office by a president’s death, not by election.  I pray for somebody who will beat Trump – but not just anybody.

Is there wisdom in what I say here?  You judge.

 

“He’s just like us”

Citizen-Times, June 4 2018

The Fox News reporter (Todd Piro, I think) gathered some Trump voters in a South Carolina cafe. He asked them about their support for President Trump.  In her turn, the lady on his left said, “He’s just like us.”

What? A New York slicker just like rock solid Carolinians?

It’s a great mystery. The lady knows from life experience that certain people play roles to get what they want:  salesmen, lover boys, swindlers and yes, politicians.  They bait the hook and watch the bobber.

But she doesn’t recognize Trump as one of them.

When Trump first thought of politics, he identified a big block of Americans who were unhappy, even angry, about many things. This group was his target.

Somewhere there’s a list in Trump’s handwriting – things this target group hates: Obama, the Clintons, liberals, gun laws, political correctness, unpatriotism, taxes, illegal immigrants.  Someday the list will be in the Smithsonian.

He started in 2011 as the Big Birther. Of course he knew Obama was born in the U.S.  It was sweet baith for the hook.

Campaign speeches gushed with targeted promises – to repeal everything Obama, stomp on Washington, make America great.

And the salesman makes his sale – every day.

 

Cromwell-Trump: the same man

Daily Planet, June 2018

Oliver Cromwell was an accident of history.

So is Donald Trump.

Cromwell was an obscure farmer.  Trump was a personality known to every American.  Different beginnings – but the same man inside.

Cromwell was a Member of Parliament when the English Civil War – Parliament against King Charles – broke out in 1642.  He recruited a cavalry regiment – and he turned out to be a military genius.  When Parliament reorgamized its army, Cromwell was made second in command.  As luck would have it, the number-one guy resigned, and there was Cromwell at thehead of what was now a powerful, modern, well-organized army.

Trump lived in New York neon as “The Donald” long before he began haunting reality TV in 2004.  Most Americans regarded him as a buffoon, but to a big chunk of his audience, he was the man we need to straighten things out.  He was a very unlikely politician, but there he is, at the head of the United States government – and, not incidentally, its army.

A couple of years after the Civil War, Cromwell got tired of Parliament.  One day he walked into their hall with soldiers, gave a little dismissal speech and emptied the house.  He ruled England as a military dictatorship for five years, until his death from malaria.  Once Cromwell got power, the dictator part came naturally.

It is often said that Trump considers himself his best strategist.  He trusts his instincts over the advice of experts.  He openly admires dictators in other countries.  He regards national law enforcement – the Justice Department – as his personal tool. You have to wonder what might happen if he had a docile Defense Secretary.

Two men in two periods of history but the same man – dictator and wannabe dictator.

And then there’s religion.  Just like Trump has his faithful evangelical Christians, Cromwell had his Puritans.  And the parallel continues.

Puritans were called Puritans – in 17th-century England – because they wanted the Church of England to “purify” itself of everything Catholic and become like the Scottish Presbyterians.  Their goals were really political, not religious (even though they called themselves “the godly”).  They were the backbone of Cromwell’s support.  They backed him, no matter what.

And Cromwell’s “what” got nasty.  He sent an invasion force into Ireland on what amounted to a genocide mission.  The invasion resulted in the deaths of almost half of the Irish population, from massacre, disease and starvation.  Hundreds of thousands of Irish women and children, and Catholic priests, were sent to the Caribbean as slaves.  And Irish lands were confiscted and resettled.

None of this affected the Puritans’ loyalty to Cromwell.  He was, after all, ridding England of Catholics, and that’s what they cared about.

And now, 360 years later, American evangelicals are loyal to Trump, no matter what.  And Trump’s “what” includes everything their faith says they should despise.  He’s a liar, adulterer, bully.  He never repents.  He uses his power to further enrich himself.  He maintains no loyalties – perhaps even to his country.

Cromwell’s Puritans were, first and foremost, political.  But it should be noted that when they had legislative power in the short-lived Commonwealth after the Civil War, they passed religious laws, like an Adultery Act that gave death sentences for incest and adultery and three months in prisonfor fornication.  They also put curbs on more extremist groups like Quakers, by issuing licenses to preach.  And they relieved Puritans from an old requirement that everybody attend Church of England services.

One of the big reasons evangelicals stay with Trump is to turn our court system toward goals they favor, like banning abortions and reversing the trends toward homosexual rights, plus some oldies like school prayer and public religious displays. They stay on Trump’s stinky road to get there.

Cromwell and Trump are the same man, and their followers are a lot alike, too:  political interest groups that want, fiercely want, society to be refashioned to their wishes.

Oh well, England survived Cromwell.  Dare we hope?

 

 

« Older posts

© 2018 Mountain Snail

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑

Follow
Get every new post delivered to your inbox
Join millions of other followers
Powered By WPFruits.com